- Deer cause significant damage to vulnerable habitat, agriculture, forestry and tree planting schemes
- There are annually around 74,000 collisions between deer and vehicles causing injury and expense with 10-20 human fatalities and up to 700 human injuries.
In 2012 a study by the University of East Anglia concluded that:
- In the absence of natural predators, deer populations are continuing to expand – causing a serious threat to biodiversity, as well as road traffic accidents and crop damage.
- A cull of 50% each year was necessary to offset productivity